national flag of the PRC is a red rectangle emblazoned with five
stars. The red of the flag symbolizes revolution; the stars are yellow
so that they will stand out brightly against the red ground. The
larger star represents the CPC and the four smaller ones, the Chinese
people. This expresses the great unity of the Chinese people under the
leadership of the CPC.
The national emblem of the PRC features Tiananmen Gate beneath the
five shining stars, encircled by ears of grain and with a cogwheel at
the bottom. The ears of grain, stars, Tiananmen and cogwheel are gold;
the field within the circle is red, as are the ribbons festooning the
bottom of the circle. These two colors traditionally represent
auspiciousness and happiness.
Tiananmen symbolizes the unyielding spirit of the Chinese people in
their fight against imperialism and feudalism; the cogwheel and ears
of grain represent the working class and the peasantry, respectively;
the five stars, as above, stand for the great unity of the Chinese
people under the leadership of the CPC.
The national anthem was written in 1935, with lyrics by the noted poet
Tian Han and music by the famous composer Nie Er. The lyrics are as
Arise, ye who refuse to be slaves ;
With our very flesh and blood
Let us build our new Great Wall !
The peoples of China are at their most critical time,
Everybody must roar defiance.
Arise! Arise! Arise !
Millions of hearts with one mind,
Brave the enemy’s gunfire,
March on !
Brave the enemy’s gunfire,
March on! March on! March on, on !
This song, originally named March of the Volunteers, was the theme
song of the film, Sons and Daughters in a Time of Storm. The film
tells the story of those who went to the front to fight the Japanese
invaders in northeast China in the 1930s, when the fate of the nation
was hanging in the balance.
Moving and powerful, the March of the Volunteers gave voice to the
Chinese people’s determination to sacrifice themselves for national
liberation, expressing China’s admirable tradition of courage,
resolution and unity in fighting foreign aggression. It was for this
reason that the CPPCC on September 27, 1949 decided to adopt the song
as the provisional national anthem of the PRC, and the NPC on December
4, 1982 officially decided to adopt the song as the national anthem of
state organs of the PRC include :
Organs of state power-the National People’s Congress and the local
people’s congresses ;
President of the state ;
State administrative organs-the State Council and the local people’s
State leading military organ-the Central Military Commission ;
State judicial organs-the Supreme People’s Court, local people’s
courts and special people’s courts ;
State procuratorial organs-the Supreme People’s Procuratorate, local
people’s procuratorates and special people’s procuratorates.