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Tradition Art

Traditional Dance
Korea's traditional dance, like its music, can be classified into either court dances or folk dances. The slow, gracious movements of the court dances reflect the beauty of moderation and the subdued emotions formed as a result of the strong influence of Confucian philosophy. In contrast, the folk dances, mirroring the life, work and religion of common people, are exciting and romantic, and aptly portray the free and spontaneous emotions of the Korean people. Court dances are called 'jeongjae,' and include hwagwanmu (a flower crown dance), geommu (a sword dance), cheoyongmu, mugo, suyeonjang and gainjeonmokdan. Folk dances include talchum (a mask dance), seungmu (a monk dance) and salpuri.

Traditional Music
Traditional music can be divided into two types: jeongak, or the music of the royal family and the upper classes, and minsogak, or folk music. Jeongak has a slow, solemn and complicated melody, while minsogak is fast and vigorous. Jeongak is divided into two types: yeomillak and sujecheon. Minsogak is also divided into two types: seongak (vocal music), which includes pansori, minyo and gagok , and giak (instrumental music), which includes the sanjo and samullori styles. The first noteworthy characteristic of Korean court music is its leisurely tempo. As a result, the mood of this music is meditative and reposeful.

Traditional Paintings
From the murals of ancient tombs to the paintings of the Joseon Dynasty (1392 ~ 1910), there are a number of indigenous Korean styles. Korean artists have an inclination toward naturalism, in which subjects such as landscapes, flowers or birds are rendered in ink and colored pigments on mulberry paper or silk. In the middle Joseon Dynasty, noble artists established new style in Korean painting. Folk Paintings, which described the joys and sorrows of people's lives, became popular.

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Information provided by Korea National Tourism Organization.


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