Telephone code : (84. 4)
Area : 921 km2
Population : 2.672.122
Hanoi, the capital of Vietnam, is a city of lakes, shaded boulevards
and verdant public parks. Making a different thing to different
people, it said to be slow paced, pleasant and even charming.
ONE PILLAR PAGODA
Hanoi's famous One Pillar Pagoda (Chua Mot Cot) was built in 1049
by the Emperor Ly Thai Tong, who ruled from 1028 to 1054. It was built
of wood on a single stone pillar 1.25 m in diameter, is designed to
resemble a lotus blossom, symbol of purity, rising out of a sea of
sorrow. It was rebuilt in 1955. This small pagoda, which surrounds a
garden courtyard, is one of the most delightful in Hanoi. The old wood
and ceramic status on the altar are very different from common in the
south. An elderly monk can often be seen performing acupuncture on the
front porch of the pagoda.
TEMPLE OF LITERATURE
It was founded in 1070 and Vietnam's university was established here
in 1076 to educate the sons of mandarins. The Temple of Literature
consists of five courtyards divided by walls, Khue Van pavilion, which
is at the far side of the second courtyard, was constructed in 1802
and is considered a fine example of Vietnam architecture. 82 steles
that recorded most of the names, places of birth and achievements of
men who received doctorates of 116 triennial examinations were held
between 1442 and 1778 are considered the most precious artifacts in
the temple. The temple constitutes a rare example of well-preserved
traditional Vietnam architecture and well worth visit.
HOAN KIEM LAKE
Hoan Kiem Lake, is an enchanting body of water right in the heart of
Hanoi, had been considered the most beautiful lake in the city. By the
name Hoan Kiem (Sword Restored) is related to sword restored legend of
Le Thai To King, as he was on boat cruise on the lake, saw a giant
turtle coming towards him. The turtle took his sword that had secured
the victory against the Minh aggressors, Hoan Kiem Lake attracts not
only Vietnamese but also foreigners when arrive Hanoi.
NGOC SON TEMPLE
Hoan Kiem Lake was already considered the most beautiful lake in Hanoi
when Ngoc Son Temple was built on an island. The temple was called
Ngoc Son Pagoda and was renamed Ngoc Son Temple since temples were
dedicated to the scholar Van Suong who was considered to be one of the
brightest stars in Vietnam's literary and intellectual circles and the
National hero Tran Hung Dao who defeated the Mongols in the 13th
century. Ngoc Son Tenple is reached via wooden The Huc (Where rays of
morning sunshine touch) Bridge, which was constructed in 1885. To the
left of the gate stands an obelisk whose top is shaped like a
An attractive landscape at the West of the City. West Lake has an area
of 500ha and is the largest lake in Hanoi.
TRAN QUOC PAGODA
Located on an island in the West Lake, Tran Quoc Pagoda was built in
541, is the oldest pagoda of Vietnam.
CO LOA CITADEL
Co Loa Citadel is the first fortified citadel recorded in Vietnamese
history, This is perhaps the most ancient Citadel in Vietnam, built by
Thuc An Duong Vuong in III Century BC. The Citadel was built to
conform to a helicoidal design and comprises 3 turns: the exterior,
the medium and the interior turn. At the base of the exterior rampart,
was a deep moat, where boats could go to and easily. Now the remaining
vestiges are the Communal House of Co Loa, the temple devoted to the
worship of the Princes My Chau and that devoted to the worship of An
Duong Vuong, the King who loved his daughter with all his heart, but
lacking vigilance, he left Co Loa and lost both his family and his
HO CHI MINH MAUSOLEUM
Was constructed between 1973 and 1975. The mausoleum is divided in to
three levels with a combined high of 21.6 m and is the place to keep
the body of President Ho Chi Minh who had been confered the title
"World Cultural Activist" and is the national Hero of Vietnam.
The building, constructed of reinforced concrete, was completed in
1930. Exhibits include artefacts from Vietnam's prehistory:
proto-Vietnamese civilisations (1st and 2nd millennia BC), the Dong
Son civilisation (7th century BC to 3rd century AD), the Oc-Eo (Funan)
culture of the Mekong Delta (1st to 6th century AD); the Indianised
kingdom of Champa (1st to 15th century), the Khmer kingdoms, various
Vietnamese dynasties and their resistance to Chinese attempts at
domination, the struggle against the French, and the history of the
Outside, Soviet and Chinese weaponry supplied to the North are on
display, alongside French and US-made weapons captured in the
Franco-Viet Minh War and the Vietnam War. The centrepiece is a
Soviet-built MIG-21 jet fighter triumphant amid the wreckage of French
aircraft downed at Dien Bien Phu and a US F-111. The displays include
scale models of various epic battles from Vietnam's long military
history, including Dien Bien Phu and the capture of Saigon.
FINE ARTS MUSEUM
Here you can see some very intricate sculptures, paintings,
lacquerware, ceramics and other traditional Vietnamese fine arts.
VIETNAM MUSEUM OF ETHNOLOGY
It is dedicated to scientific research, documentation, conservation,
exhibition and the enhancement of the cultural and historical heritage
of the 54 ethnic groups of Vietnam. The Vietnam museum of Ethnology
has collected close to 25,00 objects from among the people of Vietnam,
as well as photographic and audio-visual resources.
Presents the history of the Vietnamese Revolution.
QUAN THANH TEMPLE
It was built in Ly Thai To Dynasty (1010 - 1028), three ancient
Chinese characters, which are still seen today on the top of the
entrance. Quan Thanh Temple is dedicated to Tran Vu Saint who was a
combination between a legendary character and a saint who had earned
the merits of assisting An Duong Vuong King in getting rid of ghost
spirit during the his citadel construction at Co Loa. The most
attention shout be paid to a black bronze statute of Tran Vu Saint
with 3,600 kilograms in weight, 3.96m high and 3.48 in circumference.
Another special object is an ancient bronze bell with 1.15m high.